CSA was first developed in Japan 1971, initiated by a group of women concerned about the use of pesticides, the increase in processed and imported food and the corresponding decrease in the local farm population.
The group approached a local farmer and worked out the terms of their cooperative agreement; the teikei movement was born. Literally translated teikei means “partnership” or “cooperation”, but according to teikei members the more philosophical translation is “food with the farmer’s face on it.”
The teikei farms tend to be small scale but supply large groups of urban members. Typically, members are supplied with all of their food requirements along with soap and candles from a community supported cottage industry.
Equally empowering to both community and farmers, CSA offers solutions to common problems facing farmers and communities worldwide. The concept spread through Europe, America and although a fairly recent phenomenon in Britain it is gaining in popularity.